HOW DO I KNOW IF I MAY HAVE EXCESSIVE DAYTIME SLEEPINESS (EDS)?

HOw DO I KNOw IF I MAY HAVE EXCESSIVE DAYTIME SLEEPINESS (EDS)?

Using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) to screen for EDS.

The ESS is the most commonly used, validated subjective assessment of a patient’s sleepiness.1

  • Because patients often cannot report their own levels of EDS, the ESS may aid the interview process.2-5
    • It may also be useful to ask other individuals close to the subject (spouse, bed-partner, co-worker) to help complete the ESS.3
  • The ESS can also be used to monitor the progression of or improvement in EDS and has been shown to be reliable for test-retest use over a period of months.2,6
The ESS assesses the propensity to doze or fall asleep in 8 common daily activities.4,5
An ESS score of greater than 10 may indicate a potential sleep disorder including narcolepsy.5*

Administering the ESS questionnaire.4

Fill out this interactive form to become more familiar with the questionnaire for yourself or use it together with your patients. Just select the answers below that best apply for each situation.

Situation/Chance of
dozing

Sitting and reading

Watching television

Sitting inactive in a public place (eg, a theater or a meeting)

As a passenger in a car for an hour without a break

Lying down to rest in the afternoon when circumstances permit

Sitting and talking to someone

Sitting quietly after a lunch without alcohol

In a car, while stopped for a few minutes in traffic

Total Score : 0

0 = Would never doze
1 = Slight chance of dozing
2 = Moderate chance of dozing
3 = High chance of dozing

Interpreting ESS Scores4,5*

Normal

0–10

EDS

>10

High Levels of EDS

>16